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Apj Abdul Kalam Biography In Gujarati.pdf


Apj Abdul Kalam Biography In Gujarati.pdf




If you want to read the inspiring and motivational life story of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, the former President of India and a renowned scientist, you can download the PDF file of his biography in Gujarati language from the internet. Dr. Kalam was born in a humble Muslim family in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, on 15 October 1931. He overcame many challenges and hardships to achieve his dreams and goals. He made significant contributions to India's space and missile programs, earning him the title of "Missile Man of India". He also served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007, winning the hearts of millions of people with his simple and compassionate personality. He was a visionary leader, a prolific writer, and a passionate teacher who dedicated his life to the service of the nation and humanity.




Apj Abdul Kalam Biography In Gujarati.pdf



In this article, we will learn more about his life story, his education, his scientific career, his books, his awards, and his message for the future generations.


Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam's Education




Dr. Kalam had a keen interest in learning from a young age. He was an average student in school, but always eager to learn new things and explore new possibilities. He learned honesty and self-discipline from his father Jainulabdeen, who was a boatman, and faith and compassion from his mother Ashiamma, who was a housewife. His parents' values and virtues shaped his creative spirit and character.


He completed his school education from Schwartz Matriculation School in Ramanathapuram and then joined Saint Joseph's College in Tiruchirappalli, where he graduated in physics in 1954. He then moved to Madras (now Chennai), where he studied aerospace engineering at Madras Institute of Technology (MIT). He completed his engineering degree in 1960.


His father wanted him to become a collector, but Kalam was fascinated by astronomy and aerodynamics since childhood. He was curious about the mysteries of the flying birds and the sky. He was also influenced by his teachers during his student life. He had a special bond with his high school teacher Iyadurai Solomon, who recognized the potential, abilities and strengths of his students and encouraged them to pursue their dreams.


Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam's Scientific Career




After completing his engineering degree, Kalam joined as a scientist at Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), where he worked on designing hovercrafts and helicopters. In 1969, he was transferred to Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), where he became the project director of India's first satellite launch vehicle (SLV-3), which successfully deployed the Rohini satellite in orbit in 1980.


Kalam also played a key role in developing India's ballistic missile and nuclear weapons programs. He was the chief executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), which developed missiles like Agni and Prithvi. He was also involved in the Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, which established India as a nuclear power.


Kalam was widely respected for his scientific expertise and leadership skills. He received several prestigious awards and honors for his contributions to science and technology, such as Padma Shri (1981), Padma Vibhushan (1990), Bharat Ratna (1997), Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration (1997), Ramanujan Award (2000), King Charles II Medal (2007), Hoover Medal (2009), IEEE Honorary Membership (2011) and Von Braun Award (2013).


Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam as the President of India




In 2002, Kalam was nominated as the presidential candidate by the ruling coalition of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and its allies. He also received the support from the opposition Indian National Congress (INC). He won the presidential election with an overwhelming majority of votes and became the 11th President of India on 25 July 2002.


Kalam was known as the "People's President" because of his unique style of functioning. He interacted with people from all walks of


Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam's Books




Dr. Kalam was also a prolific writer and a visionary thinker. He authored or co-authored more than 20 books on various topics, such as science, technology, society, spirituality, education and leadership. Some of his most popular books are:


  • Wings of Fire (1999): An autobiography that narrates his personal and professional journey from a humble background to becoming a renowned scientist and the President of India.



  • India 2020 (1998): A book that envisions India as a developed nation by the year 2020 and outlines a strategic plan to achieve it.



  • Ignited Minds (2002): A book that inspires the youth of India to unleash their potential and creativity and contribute to the nation's progress.



  • Indomitable Spirit (2006): A book that reflects on his experiences and values as a leader and a human being.



  • Transcendence: My Spiritual Experiences with Pramukh Swamiji (2015): A book that describes his spiritual journey and his interactions with Pramukh Swamiji, the spiritual head of BAPS Swaminarayan Sanstha.



Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam's Awards and Honours




Dr. Kalam received numerous awards and honours for his achievements and contributions to science, technology, education and society. Some of them are:


  • Bharat Ratna (1997): The highest civilian award of India for his distinguished service to the nation.



  • Padma Vibhushan (1990): The second highest civilian award of India for his exceptional service in the field of science and engineering.



  • Padma Shri (1981): The fourth highest civilian award of India for his distinguished service in the field of aerospace engineering.



  • Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration (1997): An award given by the Indian National Congress for promoting national integration and communal harmony.



  • Ramanujan Award (2000): An award given by the Alwars Research Centre for outstanding contributions in the field of mathematics.



  • King Charles II Medal (2007): An award given by the Royal Society of UK for his contributions to science and technology.



  • Hoover Medal (2009): An award given by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers for his humanitarian achievements.



  • IEEE Honorary Membership (2011): An award given by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers for his contributions to engineering and technology.



  • Von Braun Award (2013): An award given by the National Space Society of USA for his leadership in space exploration.



Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam's Message for the Future Generations




Dr. Kalam was a source of inspiration and motivation for millions of people, especially the young generation. He always encouraged them to dream big, work hard, learn continuously, innovate constantly, and serve selflessly. He believed that the youth have the power to transform India into a developed nation and a global leader. He also emphasized on the importance of education, ethics, values, spirituality, peace, harmony, and unity in diversity. He often quoted his favourite poem by Rabindranath Tagore:


"Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high;


Where knowledge is free;


Where the world has not been broken up into fragments by narrow domestic walls;


Where words come out from the depth of truth;


Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection;


Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way into the dreary desert sand of dead habit;


Where the mind is led forward by thee into ever-widening thought and action;


Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake."


He also coined a slogan "Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan, Jai Vigyan" (Hail Soldier, Hail Farmer, Hail Science) to highlight the importance of these three sectors for India's development. He also proposed a vision document called PURA (Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas) to bridge the gap between urban and rural areas and improve the quality of life of rural people.


He left behind a legacy of excellence, innovation, patriotism, spirituality, and humanity that will continue to inspire generations to come.


Conclusion




Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was a remarkable person who rose from humble beginnings to become one of the most respected and admired leaders of India. He was a scientist, a visionary, a teacher, a writer, and a humanitarian who dedicated his life to the service of the nation and humanity. He was a role model for millions of people, especially the young generation, who looked up to him for guidance and inspiration. He left behind a legacy of excellence, innovation, patriotism, spirituality, and humanity that will continue to inspire generations to come. He was truly the People's President and the Missile Man of India. d282676c82


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